Software Engineering (2160701)

BE | Semester-6   Winter-2018 | 16-11-2018

Q2) (c)

Explain Project Scheduling Process. Also Explain Gantt Chart in detail.

  • Software project scheduling is an action that distributes estimated effort across the planned project duration by allocating the effort to specific software engineering tasks.
  • It is important to note, however, that the schedule evolves over time.
  • During early stages of project planning, a macroscopic schedule is developed.
  • • This type of schedule identifies all major process framework activities and the product functions to which they are applied.

Scheduling Principles

1 Compartmentalization The product and process must be decomposed into a manageable number of activities and tasks
2 Interdependency Tasks that can be completed in parallel must be separated from those that must completed serially
3 Time allocation Every task has start and completion dates that take the task interdependencies into account
4 Effort validation Project manager must ensure that on any given day there are enough staff members assigned to completed the tasks within the time estimated in the project plan
5 Defined Responsibilities Every scheduled task needs to be assigned to a specific team member
6 Defined outcomes Every task in the schedule needs to have a defined outcome (usually a work product or deliverable)
7 Defined milestones A milestone is accomplished when one or more work products from an engineering task have passed quality review

Gantt chart

  • A Gantt chart, commonly used in project management, is one of the most popular and useful ways of showing activities (tasks or events) displayed against time
  • On the left of the chart is a list of the activities and along the top is a suitable time scale
Gantt Chart
(Figure: Gantt chart)
  • Each activity is represented by a bar; the position and length of the bar reflects the start date, duration and end date of the activity. This allows you to see at a glance:
    • What the various activities are
    • When each activity begins and ends
    • How long each activity is scheduled to last
    • Where activities overlap with other activities, and by how much
    • The start and end date of the whole project