Software Engineering (2160701)

BE | Semester-6   Winter-2019 | 14-12-2019

Q2) (C)

Explain Project Scheduling Process. Also Explain Gantt Chart in detail 

·      Software project scheduling is an action that distributes estimated effort across the planned project duration by allocating the effort to specific software engineering tasks.

·       It is important to note, however, that the schedule evolves over time.

·       During early stages of project planning, a macroscopic schedule is developed.

·       This type of schedule identifies all major process framework activities and the product functions to which they are applied.

Scheduling Principles

·       Compartmentalization: The product and process must be decomposed into a manageable number of activities and tasks

·       Interdependency: Tasks that can be completed in parallel must be separated from those that must completed serially

·       Time allocation: Every task has start and completion dates that take the task interdependencies into account 

·       Effort validation: Project manager must ensure that on any given day there are enough staff members assigned to completed the tasks within the time estimated in the project plan

·       Defined Responsibilities: Every scheduled task needs to be assigned to a specific team member

·       Defined outcomes: Every task in the schedule needs to have a defined outcome (usually a work product or deliverable)

·       Defined milestones: A milestone is accomplished when one or more work products from an engineering task have passed quality review

Gantt chart

·       A Gantt chart, commonly used in project management, is one of the most popular and useful ways of showing activities (tasks or events) displayed against time.

·       On the left of the chart is a list of the activities and along the top is a suitable time scale.

·       Each activity is represented by a bar; the position and length of the bar reflects the start date, duration and end date of the activity. This allows you to see at a glance:

o   What the various activities are

o   When each activity begins and ends

o   How long each activity is scheduled to last

o   Where activities overlap with other activities, and by how much

o   The start and end date of the whole project