Basic Civil Engineering (3110004)

BE | Semester-1   Winter-2019 | 08-01-2020

Q3) (c)

Enumerate various principles of planning and explain any two in detail.

These are certain general principles or factors which an engineer should bear in mind while planning a building.
These principles are of very general nature and they have to be applied on individuals merits only.
Following are general principles of planning.
  1. Aspect
  2. Prospect
  3. Privacy
  4. Grouping
  5. Roominess
  6. Circulation
  7. Elegance
  8. Flexibility
  9. Sanitation
  10. Economy and practical considerations
  11. Furniture requirement


  • The placing of various rooms or units of a structure in proper correlation of their functions and in due proximity with each other is known as grouping.
  • e.g. in a residential building dining room should be close to the kitchen.
  • At the same time kitchen should be kept away from main living room to avoid smoke and smells.
  • Main bedrooms should be so located that there is an independent and separate access from each room towards the sanitary units directly or through other unimportant rooms.
  • It is observed that grouping leads to saving in unnecessary movements, proper correlation, easy control and overall economy.


  • Elegance is related to the effect produced by elevation, which depends upon the proportion of width and height, positions of doors and windows, as also the choice of materials.
  • The term elegance is used to indicate the architectural effect produced by elevation.
  • Architectural design and composition should be studied in detail as a whole for achieving success in creating an elegant structure.
  • The visualization of elevation should always be kept in mind while preparing a plan.